A masterpiece of Middle Ages constructed between 643-652 A.D., this temple was an important example of Armenian architecture. It had unique design and architecture techniques employed in its construction that had global influence on architecture. The overall bold design and construction represents architectural innovation at at its finest. It is 45 meters tall and has no central supporting columns. Zvartnots was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2000.
Zvartnots was built at a time when much of Armenia had just recently been occupied by the invasions of Armenia by the early Muslim Arabs who were progressively occupying the Sasanian Persia/Iran of which Armenia was a part at the time. Construction of the cathedral began in 643 under the guidance of Catholicos Nerses III (nicknamed Shinogh or the Builder). Dedicated to St. Gregory, it was located the place, where a meeting between King Trdat III and Gregory the Illuminator was supposed to have taken place. According to the medieval Armenian historian Movses Kaghankatvatsi, the cathedral was consecrated in 652. From 653 to 659, Nerses was in Tayk and the construction of the cathedral continued under Anastas Akoratsi. Following the Arab occupation of Dvin and the intensifying wars between the Byzantine and Arab armies on the former’s eastern borders, Nerses transferred the patriarchal palace of the Catholicos from Dvin to Zvartnots.
Zvartnots remained standing until the end of the 10th century, but historical sources are silent as to the cause of its collapse. A close copy of the cathedral was erected at Ani out by Trdat the Architect under the reign of Gagik I Bagratuni during the final decade of the 10th century. The contemporary Armenian historian Stepanos Taronetsi referred to Zvartnots when describing the temple that Gagik I had inaugurated as “a large structure at Vałaršapat [Vagharshapat], dedicated to the same saint that had fallen into ruins.”Read More
The climate in Armenia is markedly highland continental. Summers are hot, dry and sunny, lasting from June to mid-September. The temperature fluctuates between 22 and 36 °C (72 and 97 °F). Evening breezes blowing down the mountains provide a welcome refreshing and cooling effect. Springs are short, while autumns are long. Autumns are known for their vibrant and colourful foliage.
Winters are quite cold with plenty of snow, with temperatures ranging between −10 and −5 °C (14 and 23 °F).
Armenia experiences two natural phenoena unique to mountainous regions: an “eternal spring ” with wildflowers blooming in valleys and mountainsides well into August , and an’eternal winter’ on the snow – capped crests of the country’s tallest mountains.
Spring begins early in the Ararat Valley . Spring in Armenia means bright colours and delightful flavours. Spring coming is felt from the first of March, with irises , tulips and snowflowers ,blooming .With the beginning of April everything breaks into bloom. Spring days in Armenia mean also festive mood: International Women’s day is celebrated in March, and there is a national maternity holiday in April.
Summer in Armenia is an exceptional opportunity to organize any type of vacation: hiking in the most picturesque places, climbing mountain peaks, beach holidays, a plenty of excursions. By this time ,the sunflowers in the Ararat Valley reach their top.Spring rains give way to fair weather .In summer you can walk till night , because at this time in Armenia the weather is very vigorous.
Autumn is trully aa glorious season in Armenia . The fall harvest brings an multitude of fresh vegetables and fruit, markets are full of juicy sweet fruit such as grapes , pomegarantes , blackberries ,quince , walnuts and pumpkins.September and October are admirable months , are not rainy months , with warm days and cool nights. If you don’t like the heat, the autumn with its warm, sunny but not hot weather is the best time for vacation in Armenia. You should definitely try the awesome Armenian grape and visit Wine Festival where you can taste the famous Armenian wine.
Winter in the country usually begins in early December. Despite the fact that it is typically snowy, the weather is very soft and comfortable. The capital is transformed in real winter wonderland, especially before New Year and Christmas. There is New Year’ s mood everywhere in Armenia: braightly decorated streets, gorgeous Christmas trees, rink, numerous special events and concerts. There are feast rites in churches on Christmas Eve. If you like active winter holidays , you have to spend your winter holidays in Armenia: the famous ski resort Tsakhkadzor is up there with the most popular European resorts.Read More
Armenia Located in Western Asia on the Armenian Highlands, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan’s exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
Territory :29.743 sq km
Official language : Armenian (Russian and English are wildly spoken)
Currency: Armenian dram (1USD~485 AMD , 1€~550 AMD)